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Friday, October 3, 2014

AMERICAN NINJUTSU

Rooted in Togakure ryu ninjutsu, American Ninjutsu is recognized as having proof of an American founder with legitimate ninjutsu training.  A unique marital art, similar to its predecessor from Japan, American Ninjutsu evolved to accommodate the culture and needs of 21st Century America.  The schools currently recognized globally as teaching American Ninjutsu are Robert Bussey’s schools and affiliated students.

The person responsible for what would be coined as American Ninjutsu, Mr. Robert Bussey, was one of the first two men to bring the art of the ninja to the United States from Japan. Having trained in japan under the tutelage of Shihan Toshiro Nagato, Mr. Bussey received his instructor license from Soke Masaaki Hatsumi, 34th successor to the Togakure Ryu Ninjutsu tradition.

 In 1979, Bussey brought his training experience back to America and pioneered a concept that revolutionized how the American people viewed Ninjutsu.  The Ninja was associated with an ultimate warrior, capable of explosive skills, intellect, and diverse fighting ability. Bussey’s insights and interpretation of ninjutsu was both dynamic and versatile, and, one that he aimed to be effective against any respectable discipline. 

The system which came to be known as American Ninjutsu was developed by Mr. Bussey as a specific system, and featured his revisions of older methods to work in more modern fighting scenarios. Feeling that some of the traditional movements were impractical for a reality based martial art he focused his Ninjutsu training on the practical and realistic, while downplaying the antiquated and esoteric aspects of Ninjutsu.

A comprehensive art form in and of itself American ninjutsu embodies a variety of martial arts technique including: taijutsu (unarmed combat), kenjutsu, shurikenjutsu,  tantojutsu, bojutsu, stealth and evasion. Though rooted in Togakure ryu Ninjutsu, American Ninjutsu and Mr. Bussey’s modern practices, concepts, and strategies, were developed to accommodate the culture and needs of the 21st Century.

Robert Bussey disassociated himself from traditional Ninjutsu in 1988 and started Robert Bussey's Warrior International (RBWI). In June of 1997, Robert Bussey retired and disbanded his organization. 

As times change, one must be aware of looming potential threats and  adapt and develop pragmatic countermeasures. – Robert Bussey

Mr. Bussey is currently teaching modern combative skills. Bussey Combatives capitalizes on NATURAL MOVEMENT   teaching individuals how to respond naturally and effectively.

The mission of Robert Bussey and Associates: To empower individuals with education and abilities to improve their confidence and safety in matters relating to self preservation, and in turn, seek to positively impact conditions within our society.

"When a life depends on it"


Tuesday, September 9, 2014

THE BUJUTSU OF THE NINJA

By Barron Shepherd
Artwork by David Conway

Throughout the world, the name Ninja has been associated with an ultimate warrior, capable of explosive skills, intellect, and diverse fighting ability. History does indeed tell us who the ninja were and what they did. They acted as covert agents or mercenaries in feudal Japan and specialized in unorthodox warfare. Their functions included espionage, sabotage, infiltration, guerrilla warfare, assassination, and open combat in certain situations.

“Dozens of your allies can be killed by a single shinobi (ninja) if he is used properly. These shinobi can excel, even in combat. One of these warriors is a match for a thousand and they have succeeded in a countless number of incidents. This is as clear as I Ra Ha Ni Ho He To (translated: THIS IS AS CLEAR AS A,B,C.).” – Shinobi Hiden

These covert methods of waging war contrasted with that of the samurai, who observed strict rules about honor and combat. NinJutsu didn’t fit into these rules or ‘kata’ like other bujutsu (martial arts). It was a world in which there were ‘duties’ and ‘missions’, and failures were not accepted.

Simply looking at the documents such as the “Bansenshukai”, the “Shoninki” and the “Shinobi Hiden” limits the understanding of the full range of skills of the ninja. Specific bujutsu (armed and unarmed combat) or martial arts skills along others skills are not mentioned. It was taken for granted that the ninja were already trained or would train themselves in those specific areas.

 “For close combat or sword fighting, there is no way to describe how to do such things at length here. Therefore, just be sure to always train yourself with kenjutsu swordmanship, iai sword-drawing and so on. Tactics always depend on the time and place, thus guidelines are mentioned here for your reference." - Bansenshukai

Principles unified the ninja's approach to bujutsu or the martial arts, not techniques. The ninja improvised a lot, their way was constantly changing and evolving and adapting to the ever changing situations they were in. They would copy techniques from other standardized bujutsu systems that best suited shinobi missions. They would modify techniques to best suit shinobi missions. And last but not least, they would come up with specialized techniques that best suited shinobi missions. This may have included improvisation or techniques that they made up or come up with on the fly during the heat of the moment.

In the Bansenshukai the ninja were directed to embrace the old ways of the shinobi who had served under great generals of the past, and to remember NOT only to keep to the old ways but to “ADAPT” them, each dependent on the situation “AND THE MOMENT”.

 “It is folly to see something as unchangeable and stick to an old method without realizing that things keep changing and are in flux.” – Bansenshukai

Based on the mission, the best strategy was searched, the most appropriate tools built, and the most effective techniques were used. Of course, the “techniques” included ones used for infiltration, stealing, and killing if necessary. The Ninja only cared about one thing and that was completing the mission.

“They travelled in disguise to other territories to judge the situation of the enemy, they would inveigle their way into the midst of the enemy to discover gaps, and enter enemy castles to set them on fire, and carried out assassinations, arriving in secret.”  - Buke Myōmokushō

Nowadays we do have, at hand, translations of historical documents the most famous of which are “Bansenshukai”, “Shinobi Hiden” and “Shoninki”. There are semi-historical documents such as the “Hodo Godai-ki”, a chronicle of the Hojo clan who once ruled Japan as regents to the shogun, the “Shinchoko-ki”, a biography of Oda Nobunaga, the “Iran-ki”, the chronicle of Iga province, “Taiheiki”, “Kanhasshu-roku”, “Matsuo-gunki”, “Intoku Taiheiki”, “Taikoki”, and others.

The references pertaining to bujutsu that are found within these documents when taken accumulatively reveal exactly what role the ninja played in warfare of the time and how effective and well trained they were. When studying these works a definite image of the ninja and ninjutsu is revealed.

“Shinobi-no mono execute different types of espionage work.  Their service is to secretly penetrate to another provinces and find out the real situation in enemy camps, or by mixing with enemy to find out his weak points. Additionally in enemy camps they set fires, and as assassins kill people. These shinobi are used in many cases.

Near Kyoto in Iga province and in Koga [district of province] Omi there were many jizamurai, after Onin years (1467-1477) they organized their own bands (to) and fought during the day and during the night. Many of them became masters in the art of espionage (kancho-no jutsu), after this feudal lords (daimyo) of all clans began to hire such jizamurai.” – Buke Myomokusho

The Sengoku era marked a century of warfare in Japan, during the latter half of which the powerful daimyo Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu struggled for dominance as both allies and as enemies who were dramatically opposed to each other. After a decisive victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, Tokugawa Ieyasu was named Shogun and Japan was united once again.

During this time Ninja activity was at it's peak, Raids, Assassinations, reconnaissance missions and other military operations were recorded Seige Warfare was by far the most often referenced skill of the ninja; infiltrating castles and strongholds, launching a surprise attack on the inhahabitants, causing confusion and chaos from within while the main army would storm the caslte from without.

The ninja would scale the walls of a castle under the cover of night, and then start setting everything in sight on fire. They would blend in with the castle defenders, making it difficult to tell friend from foe, and make it seem like there is a rebellion within the ranks, once chaos ensued inside the castle, the army would lay siege on its walls from without.

A similar strategy with can be seen in the Gunpo Jiyoshu;

“For a night attack, you should use a shinobi no mono for guidance. Though this is a primary requirement, you may sometimes have nobody appropriate for the job. In that case, conduct your attack with the knowledge of the location and footing in mind. If you intend to night attack, you should not exhaust your mind or body too much in a daytime battle. When you see signs of tiredness in the enemy, carry out a night attack. If night attacking in great strength, you should divide your force into three main groups. One is of keki no musha [boisterous warriors], those who raise war cries and make noises with instruments to surprise the enemy. Another group is of shinobi no musha [shinobi warriors], those who exploit any gaps in the enemy’s defense and force themselves forward with the aim to defeat them. The last group is of hyori no musha [tactic warriors], those who move around swiftly among the enemy, especially paying attention to the front or the rear of the enemy’s force.

If you attack as stated above, then the enemy will be misled about the size of your force, often be thrown into confusion, and in the end be defeated.

In the case of attacking sneakily and in a small number—for example, fewer than a hundred people—and with shinobi as guides, one successful way is to have as many people as possible throw hand grenades everywhere, scattering them. Make one or two raids very quickly, taking advantage of their confusion.” - Gunpo Jiyoshu

An account of a night raid can be found in the Mikawa Go Fudoki, a record of the Mikawa Prefecture in Japan. The ninja had dressed like the castle’s defenders sneaked in and the infiltrated castle’s garrison. As the ninjas ran around killing the castle’s defenders, the defenders believed that there were traitors within their own ranks. This attack caused great confusion amoung the castle’s garrison and ended with the assassination of an military administrator.

“In 1562, Tokugawa Ieyasu employed a group of eighty Kōga ninja, led by Tomo Sukesada. They were tasked to raid a castle outpost in Kaminojo from the Udono family. The castle in Kaminojo was in a very good strategic position on a formidable precipice and difficult for opposing armies to capture. Ieyasu would have suffered great losses to take it conventionally.

On the night of the 15th day of the third month Tomo Sukesada leading his Koga ninja infiltrated NagaMochi’s castle setting fire to the towers killing the castle's defenders. (Nagamochi was the military administrator responsible for maintaining defenses and protecting the castle's lands, these castle leaders or captains were either top-ranking samurai officials ar advisors in service to the daimyo of feudal Japan).

During the night attack on Nagamochi’s castle the Koga Ninja had killed 200 men in the garrison. Nagamochi had fled next to the Gomado or "Hall of Prayers".  Sukesada killed Nagamochi and cut off his head as he lay prostrate.” – Mikawa Go Fudoki

Another source tells of the ninja going out nearly every night from a castle to frighten and harass the attacking army, without doing any physical damage -- however, the troops had to always be on the alert, and being unable to ever get a good night's sleep, the soldiers were constantly on edge waiting for an attack all night, they were ineffective when the time came to launch an assault on the castle. A degree of this type of psychological warfare can be seen illustrated in the Ōu Eikei Gunki, composed between the 16th and 17th centuries:

“Within Hataya castle there was a glorious shinobi (ninja) whose skill was renowned, and one night he entered the enemy camp secretly. He took the flag from Naoe Kanetsugu's guard ...and returned and stood it on a high place on the front gate of the castle.” - Ōu Eikei Gunki

Assassination is probably what the Ninja is best known for now. The Daimyos of Japan’s Warring States era feared assassination attempts by ninjas, after all their reputations preceded them. They were the “stealers in” who came from out of nowhere and disappeared into shadow. All of the major generals seemed to have an assassin make an attempt on their life at some point or another. One tactic was to lie down on a battlefield, and when your mark rides through, looking at all the dead bodies, the ninja suddenly springs up and attacks.

"It is possible to kill the enemy general with shinobi no jutsu and if this is done the benefit will be immeasurable. There is a secret in shinobi no jutsu on the skills required to kill the enemy's commander In a case where your ninja can kill the enemy general, then it will bring an enormous benefit, as the enemy will submit without fighting" – Bansenshukai

In “Iga and Koka Ninja Skills: The Secret Shinobi Scrolls of Chikamatsu Shigori” we find a reference to techniques used for assassination by ninja.  In article 26 we have Muto Den - The Tradition of No Sword.

“The shinobi is normally presented to the lord in person and has the opportunity to talk in close proximity. It is expected that at such a time the shinobi will not be allowed to wear a sword. However, he may hide a stabbing blade in his clothes or he may snatch the sword that the lord is wearing with the intent to kill him.” – Chikamatsu Shigori

Lord Oda Nobunaga had some close calls with assassination attempts performed by ninja, once being shot twice in the chest, the bullets being stopped by his armor. During this period the matchlock rifle became widely used in Japan, there are accounts of ninja contracted as snipers.

Sugitani Zenjubo, a ninja from koga, was a sharpshooter and his weapon of choice was the arquebus, a long barreled match lock rifle.  Rokkaku Yoshisuke’s territory in Omi province had been invaded by Oda Nobunaga a ruthless conqueror in 1571. Yoshisuke plotted to have Nobunaga assassinated and hired Sugitani Zenjubo. 
 
Nobunaga was crossing the Chigusa Pass between Omi and Mino provinces. Zenjubo had set up a position and laid in wait for Nobunaga. Zenjubo using two separate rifles he shot twice, both shots hit Nobunaga in the chest but the armor he was wearing protected him. Zenjubo then escaped into the mountains Omi Prefecture.

Zenjubo evaded his enemies for four years before being captured.  Nobunaga had Zenjubo tortured until he confessed and revealed Rokkaku’s assassination plot. The Koga Ninja was executed by hideously torturing him to death. Zenjubo’s torture lasted six days before producing the ninja’s death.

According to a story in the Iran-Ki, when Oda Nobunaga conquered Iga and stopped to rest at aekuni Shrine in Ichinomiya during one of his inspection visits, an Iga ninja by the name of Kai Kido whose real name was Yazaemon Kido along with two other ninjas, Moku Harada of Otowa village and Indai Hangan of Indai village were sent to assassinate him. Kido may have been the ninja with the most skill with a firearm.

As Lord Nobunaga rested in the shrine, the ninja got close, aimed their guns and fired.  Nobunaga known for his luck as well as his skill moved just in time. They missed the intended target but did manage to kill some of his retainers. Nobunaga's people gave chase but the ninja disappeared into the mountains.

Accounts of assassination are found in the Bansenshukai in volume 13 In-Nin III Hiden Infiltration section IV The three methods of escape when the enemy has awoken. The section covered fabricating a conversation to confuse and misdirect the enemy.

“the ninja had stolen into the house and went to the master’s sleeping room, where he saw the master getting ready by the light of the night lantern. The ninja said to him please get out of here and the master thinking it was his guard, did not suspect him in the slightest, at which point the ninja stabbed him to death, extinguished the fire and ran away.” - Bansenshukai

It is interesting to note that the first account of an assassination by ninja mentioned in the Bansenshukai states the ninja carried out his assignment and the death stroke was dealt with a blade while the second account mentions no weapon being used at all quite possibly indicating it was done using a unarmed technique.

 "In older times, someone had a grudge against a low ranking retainer. He intended to kill him and went to the enemy house, where he tried to open the door carefully. The master heard the sound, woke up and got out of the room in secret and moved to the inside of the door that the ninja was opening. The ninja entering noticed this and said to himself, ‘The master has woken so we cannot succeed. Let’s retreat,’ and also replied to himself, ‘OK,’ as if there were in fact two men. He pretended to withdraw by retreating about one ken, and quietly came back to the door and stayed by the wall. The master of the house, not realizing it was a trap, opened the door and came out to catch ‘them’; at that moment the shinobi – who was waiting for him to come out and who was by the door – KILLED HIM WITH A SINGLE STRIKE, and attained his objective. This is the way to take advantage of the enemy’s intention to wait for you and to kill you by surprise. Though there have been so many cases other than these, I cannot mention every one so have put the above two as examples." – Bansenshukai

Bujutsu was indeed valued and prominent amoung the skills of the ninja, we find other references pertaining to the ninja using the martial arts as a disquise to infiltrate the samurai in the “Shonobi Hiden”. The Shinobi Hiden directed that a ninja should “SPECIALIZE” in the martial arts in order to disguise themselves as a Samurai warrior. There is also a mention of an improvised tool the “Iron Machete” and that it should be well forged to be used in place of a sword and thus the blade will be of the most importance.

Indeed there were no other military units that history has seen that were as quite prepared as the ninja were in bujutsu (armed and unarmed combat) and warfare. To dismiss ninjutsu as not being a form or style of Bujutsu or martial art would not be accurate. Their unique and unconventional methods made the bujutsu of the ninja undeniably their own. To quote Hanzo Hattori  “THIS IS AS CLEAR AS A,B,C.”

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

NINJUTSU: An Ancient Martial Art for the 21st Century


By Barron Shepherd
Artwork by David Conway

Ancient texts and manuscripts such as the Bansenshukai and the Shoninki and others don't pinpoint or isolate a specific form of bujutsu (armed and unarmed combat) that the ninja favored. No style is mentioned. An example of this can be seen with Kenjutsu. In the Bansenshukai, to learn kenjutsu was more important that any particilar style of kenjutsu.

“For close combat or sword fighting, there is no way to describe how to do such things at length here. Therefore, just be sure to always train yourself with kenjutsu swordmanship, iai sword-drawing and so on. Tactics always depend on the time and place, thus guidelines are mentioned here for your reference." - Bansenshukai

Another ancient text The Shinobi-Hiden speaks of how a ninja is to, not just learn, but specialize in the martial arts needed in order to blend in, or infiltrate, samurai; or groups of samurai. On a night raid, bujutsu would greatly assist with infiltration by silently incapacitating guards.

"The people of Iga and Koka had never had a shugo governor and each clan was self-governing; they constructed small castles in each estate independently and had free rein. As having no shugo or a lord, there was not a governor to oversee them. There were numerous instances of them fighting with each other to take away the other’s land. Therefore, their main concentration was set on battles, each morning and every evening, and their life revolved around armament and defence." - Bansenshukai

The bujutsu (armed and unarmed combat) of the ninja for all intent and purposes must have been mission specific, deeply personalised and unique to the ninja using it. There were no governing bodies or Honbu dojo's to regulate and teach nationally accepted techniques and because of this personal interpretations and methods flourished.

“The ninja pretended to withdraw retreating and quietly came back to the door and stayed by the wall. The Master of the house not realizing it was a trap opened the door and came out. The ninja was waiting and killed him with a single strike.” - Bansenshukai

The Bansenshukai continued to state that this was but one example and that there were many cases other than these and that they were too numerous to mention.

The bujutsu of the ninja did not fit into “rules” or “kata” like other martial arts. The Ninja’s life was one “missions” and “duties” and failure was not an option, it was about infiltration, combat and survival. This was the reason why a style was not favored. Ninja only cared about one main thing, getting the job done.

Bujutsu in itself is a complex matrix of skills. What was the only thing ninja could do with this? The ninja had to manipulate bujutsu (armed and unarmed combat) by extracting, or copying, techniques that already existed in standard bujutsu that best suited their Missions. They modified techniques in standard bujutsu of their times to best suit their Missions. The ninja specialized, or independently developed; their own bujutsu, which were specifically designed for these Missions. It was these factors that make a ninja’s way of fighting different to other systems.

“Thus, as a basis, you should embrace the old ways of the shinobi who served under ancient great generals, but remember NOT only to keep to these ways but to ADAPT them, each dependent on the situation and the moment. Ninjutsu is not locked to the historical. In fact, to adapt is historical.” - Bansenshukai

The ninja improvised for almost 700 years. They were active for almost 700 years if you consider their beginning date to be 1180, as the Shoninki says, until 1868. History teaches us that both the ninja and ninjutsu adapted all through time. A ninja from 1180 was very different to a ninja in 1868. For one, the ninja in 1868 used guns, where his predecessor did not. Their way of fighting was constantly changing and evolving and adapting to the ever changing situations they were in.

“In essence, principles and performance should go together. If you are ignorant about principles, your performance will not mature.” - Bansenshukai

Within Ninjutsu there is the most modern form of self defense techniques. The principles of Ninjutsu will always stay the same, all across time; but the techniques to fulfill the principles will always change. Those who stick only to “historical” ninjutsu are stagnating in the past and their ways will not be appropriate for modern times. They don’t care about being effective in modern times or helping people defend themselves. They have a passion for live action role playing or preserving tradition, and there is nothing wrong with this, but you should not attempt to use these methods for self defence today because even though your principles will never go out of date; your methods have expired, or they have not matured. Some would say “evolved.”

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

BOOK REVIEW - NINJUTSU: Basic Skills and Techniques

Ninjutsu: Basic Skills and Techniques written by Robert Bussey should in my opinion (yes, I am probably somewhat biased here) be called the Ninja field hand book. It was originally written for Mr. Bussey's students at his Fremont, Nebraska dojo. Published in 1983 it was one of the coolest books on ninjutsu (still is) and went on to do very well during the 'ninja craze' of the 1980's. This rare book is a classic piece of the ninja culture from this era. The information and techniques found within are realistic, useful and in the true spirit of the ninja. Well worth a look for any fan of ninjutsu.

The name Ninja has been associated with an ultimate warrior, capable of explosive skills, and fighting ability. Robert Bussey became synonymous with the Ninja image that we identify with today, a modern version that was both dynamic and versatile, and, one that could be matched against any fighting discipline. Bussey takes a more modern approach and there are some very interesting techniques.

It is 151 pages that are heavy on photo sequences and illustrations.  The topics covered include: Pressure points, rolling techniques, weapons of the hand, mobility & flexibility, fighting stances, techniques of the foot & leg, stealth, defensive body techniques, invisibility, sword, ninja group travel, herbs/edible plants, techniques for measuring time, communication/signals, survival skills, knot tying, rappelling, wind measurement, etc.

Ninjutsu Basic Skills and Techniques is an excellent photographic guide of techniques that are refined, dynamic, versatile and effective and it shows that early ninjutsu students were taught many things that Budo Taijutsu students don’t get taught.

Mr. Bussey received his instructor license from Soke Masaaki Hatsumi, 34th successor to the Togakure Ryu Ninjutsu tradition and taught Togakure-Ryu directly under Soke Hatsumi. Mr Bussey awarded Dan (Black-belt) rankings in Togakure-Ryu Ninjutsu under the endorsement of Soke  Hatsumi for nearly a decade.

Robert Bussey focused his Ninjutsu training on the practical and realistic; a modernized openly aggressive and modified form of Ninjutsu was taught while downplaying the antiquated and esoteric aspects of Ninjutsu. He had also disregarded the shinotist beliefs of the ninja and stuck with his christian beliefs and values. His interpretations of Ninjutsu lead him to have at one time the largest Ninjutsu school in the world.

The reader will see much of the traditional motion and influences as well as traces of the dynamic, Americanization of the art that was Robert Bussey's trademark. “Ninjutsu: Basic Skills and Techniques” is a real blast from the past that is as contemporary and relevant today as it was then. The quintessential uber cool basic training ninja field hand book. You can purchase this book in an e-book format at http://www.robertbussey.com/official-gear.html.

Saturday, August 9, 2014

THE NINJA

Article by Gingetsu Ito
Artwork by Lorant Pataki 


During the period of military despotism in old Japan the art of espionage was carried to a high degree of perfection, being used to secure all kinds of secrets, to bring about desirable assassinations and for incendiarism in aid of political exigency. By some the art was called Shinobi-no-jutsu, and the professional spy was known as the ninjutsu-sha or shinobi-no-mono. History tells nothing of the origin and history of the practice. One of the more ancient books, the Wakan Sansai Zuye states that there are five methods of espionage: mokuton, by wood; suiton, by water; katon, by fire; doton, by earth; kinton, by metals; and that the real spy can make himself invisible by utilizing any of the means mentioned, especially the earth, which is everywhere and enables him to be quick and effective in his art.

 The art attained a high degree of efficiency in the days of Yoshitsune of the Minamoto clan, and was adopted by most of the great warriors of the day. The famous patriot Kusunoki Masashige, utilized the spy system to a great extent; and the Taiheiki describes how four young warriors of the Yüki army stole into Akasaka castle and set fire to it. It is probable that the earliest and most successful spies were robbers, whose live had been given up to secret deeds and plans of as well as to apt modes of disguise. The art soon became a legitimate one in connection with military tactics, and assumed a right of existence not known at first; so that it came to be dilligently studied by soldiers in order to promote military efficiency, even down through the Tokugawa period.

There were even leagues of spies, among the more famous of which were those of the Koga district in the province of Totomi and in the province of Iga also, where mountains facilitated practice in the art. The members of these mountain leagues used to practice on each other in times of peace so as to render themselves efficient in time of war. They came to be more skilful in the art of espionage and disguise generally than the experts of any other region, and were much employed by the various daimyo. These spies were known in their day as Koga-mono and Iga-mono, and the two schools of the art which they represented were known as Koga-ryu and the Iga-ryu.

 The ninjutsu-sha being of a low class and ever engaged in secret deeds, it is but natural that no history of them should be extant. A book of instruction in the art of espionage, called the Seininki, gives some idea of what they did but little of their origin and development. Apparently the ninjutsu-sha was not referred to in the same way in all parts of the country; for in the Kwanto districts they were known as rappa, and the Koshu district suppa.


Of course the ninjutsu-sha regarded their calling as far away above that of robbers and ordinary doers of evil; and their art as of a nobler genius than the latter. The daimyo employing them always warned them never to be guilty of the deeds of robbers; they were never to kill, rob or set fires save in case of real necessity, and never from a purely selfish, motive. To be a first class ninjutsu-sha a man had to have the necessary mental and physical qualifications. The quality of complete self-possession was a primary essential, and next to mental acumen came agility of body and strength of physique. After the proper mental and physical qualifications then came the necessary training, which was long and arduous. They studied the meaning of physiognomy, mind-reading, principles of deception, the importance of various phenomena and atmosphere. Geography, too, they must know well, and the significance of numbers, together with local manners and customs of the places where they were set to operate. How to disguise themselves so as to pass themselves off anywhere was a fine art among them. How to give first aid in cases of accident, and the question of food, clothing and general behaviour, were all matters of earnest study to the ninjutsu-sha. 

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

NINJA PUNCH

Vital point striking techniques have been misunderstood for many different reasons mostly from fictitious and dubious techniques reputed to kill using seemingly LESS THAN lethal force targeted at specific areas of the human body. Exaggerated and false accounts of Dim Mak also known as “the delayed death touch” or ” the touch of death” appeared in Chinese Wuxia fiction and film in western popular culture in the 1960s. Notions of Dim Mak, or a “delayed death touch” is not only controversial but there is no medical, scientific or historical evidence for the existence of a “touch of death”.

Some Instructors have claimed to have the skill however Dim Mak claims have not stood up to third-party investigations and have been consequently denounced as fraudulent.  Even the term DIM MAK is mistakenly translated as “delayed death touch” and in some cases wrongly referred to as “ninja death touch”.  In actuality the term “dim mak” simply means “press artery” nothing so ominous or theatrical as “the touch of death”.

KEEPING IT REAL

 The early development of vital point striking was created to destroy the enemy and indeed an applied substantial force was needed to do so.  In those days the combat arts were a lethal art. It was a system developed solely for war, it was lethal hand-to-hand combat, killing techniques which would render a man inanimate, by means of unconsciousness and or death, quickly and efficiently.

The term “killing techniques” has multiple definitions. One definition of a killing technique would be to Kill or take an enemy’s life.  Another definition would be to kill the attack itself, meaning to stop or squash an attack. Rendering unconscious, maiming, or disabling an opponent are examples of the term killing techniques.

A very possible example of such a strike is mentioned in The Bansenshukai, a Japanese book, written in 1676, containing a collection of knowledge from the clans in the Iga and Kōga regions that had been devoted to the training of ninja: “The ninja pretended to withdraw retreating and quietly came back to the door and stayed by the wall. The Master of the house not realizing it was a trap opened the door and came out. The ninja was waiting and killed him with a single strike.” The Bansenshukai continued to state that this was but one example and that there were many cases other than these and that they were too numerous to mention.

Years and years later toward the end WWII, the Japanese command became dead set on developing on shortest terms a system of Killing Techniques, a close quarter combat system that would put the enemy out of commission quickly and efficiently. The soldiers of the Japanese Army were trained in Karate and Judo or at least the basics, however the Japanese Command felt this was not enough. Because of his reputation as a skilled martial artist, Fujita Seiko, a shadowy figure known as the Last ninja was assigned by the Japanese Government to arrive at such a lethal methodology that would give the Japanese soldier an advantage in hand to hand combat.

These types of combat techniques are a stark contrast from the less than lethal force “Dim Mak” claims. In reality the most effective way of hitting the anatomical weak points/ vital points hinges upon multiple factors; physical application, conditioning, awareness of targets and psychological preparedness. The right places to strike the most effective vital points for the secrets of Killing/disabling/ rendering unconsciousness/maiming require an energetic transference of force needed to affect the targets. If you learn the way of hitting the vital organs points you will obtain the way of taking out enemies quickly and efficiently. There is a wealth of scientific, medical and historical evidence on the impact it takes for an effective strike to render someone unconscious, incapacitate, or even cause death from a punch.

(One can simply look at the sport of boxing and we see a wide variety of these techniques boxers have been getting knocked out, stopped and have even died from punches thrown in a boxing match. All the punches even the body shots require an energetic transference of force to render the stopping strike. A boxer wearing 10, 12 or 16 ounce gloves can incapacitate his opponent with a body shot for a few minutes garnering a KO win.)

The energetic transference of force needed to affect the targets
1) Velocity: efficiency of the blow in a striking technique is determined according to the following formula  I =MV2/2  :   where M- is the mass and V- is the velocity. Force is the speed: the bigger and harder the object is, the higher the speed, with which it is struck the more efficient the blow.
2) Body mechanics: all hand, hips, legs and foot movements are coordinated and fast.
3) Precision of the blow: Be right on target the strike must be executed at strictly the right angle to the target.
4) Drawing back the striking limb after the blow: (Snapping out and then back) after the blow you must pull back your hand with the same if not greater speed with which he delivered the strike and be able to follow up with another. Striking should be practice in combination with withdrawals. In other words it explodes outward and is snapped back.  A violent and dynamic action.
5) The strikes are most effective/destructive when the piercing effect is combined with a revolving or snapping motion of the hand upon impact. (Boxers are known for turning their punches over for more effectiveness of the impact of their punches)

For the effective use of striking techniques one needs to be relaxed NOT rigid, calm, cold blooded and calculating. Strikes should be applied resolutely, fearlessly, without doubt whole heartedly and with full force based on knowledge of proper coordination of movements and distance.

Sunday, August 3, 2014

The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten’s discussion of Fujita Seiko and Takamatsu Toshitsugu

There are numerous debates concerning ninjutsu over the internet by purists, historical researchers and fraudulent authorities regarding accuracy, authenticity, and lineages of the ninja. Biased opinions abound. SO….. How does one then get to what is more than likely the truth of such things? How does one get a more realistic picture or viewpoint of the subject?  

In my mind the only way to cut thru the bias is to find a third party unbiased opinion of the situation and I believe a publication called The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten meets that standard. The BRD chronicled both Takamatsu and Fujita and their perspective arts.  

What Is The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten?

In 1963, two men, Watatani Kiyoshi and Yamada Tadashi were gathering information for a book, The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten, an Encyclopedia of Martial art schools, a catalog of Koryū Bujutsu (old schools) and Gendai Budō (new schools) of Japanese martial arts (budo). It is composed both of active and inactive schools, chronicled over the lifetimes of the authors. Watatani and Yamada collected data on thousands of different ryuha from throughout Japanese history, and created this approximately 1000 page incredible resource. For each ryuha there is a list of weapons used by the ryuha, detailed tree charts showing the lineage and branching of the ryu, as well as connections to other ryuha it may have had. For ryuha where a great deal of data is available, there are also lengthy entries describing the ryuha and notable events and people concerned with it.

Due to the meticulousness of their cataloging, formatting style and methods used in creating the book it has become the standard academic reference for anyone doing research into the field. The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten is Japan's official "Martial Arts Directory," a publication that is considered the authority in all matters of Japanese martial arts.

Fujita Seiko- Koga ryu Wada Ha

The entry of Fujita's information for the Koga Ryu Wada Ha, which appears on the top of page 273 of The Bugei Ryuha Daijiten is as follows:

 "This ryu is one of the 53 Koga families. Moreover, this ryuha is one of the Minamiyama Rokke of only 6 families, and nobody knows this ryuha." Watatani then attributes the quote to "Fujita Seiko, 1963."

The 1978 revision of the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten states that Fujita Seiko was the last soke of this ryuha and it was one of 6 ryu that belonged to the Minamiyama Rokke, maybe 6 strong families or an organization and that nobody knows this ryuha today.

There is an additional entry on the bottom of page 921 of the BRD, that is entered as "Wada Ryu," and which is said to be the same as Koga Ryu Wada Ha. The entry mentions that a Wada Iga Morishinori founded the ryu, [and that] Fujita Seiko is a descendent of Wada Iga Morishinori. The entry provides a very compelling piece of evidence that the Koga Ryu Wada Ha was transmitted through Fujita's family, and coincides with the evidence that he was soke of the last Koga ninja tradition.

Takamatsu Toshitsugu-Togakure ryu

The entries pertaining to Takamatsu Toshitsugu and the Togakure ryu is as follows : Bugei Ryūha Daijiten pg. 626 and 627 Watatani Kiyoshi & Yamada Tadashi, 1978:
"Togakure-ryū. (Nin.) This is the genealogy organized by Takamatsu Toshitsugu. The succession is an oral tradition from Toda Shinryūken. The lineage passed through Momochi Sandayū and entered into the Natori-ryū of Kishū domain. From the time of Toda Nobutsuna, the tradition was passed on to the Toda family. The genealogy includes embellishments by referring to data and kuden about persons whose existence is based on written materials and traditions in order to appear older than it actually is."

The 1969 version of the Bugei Ryūha Daijiten, page 537, Watatani & Yamada:
“This is a genealogy newly put together by Takamatsu Toshitsugu, who made use of (took advantage of) the popularity of written materials on ninjutsu after the Taishō era. The transmission is said to be based on oral teachings of Toda Shinryūken. Toda Shinryūken (Isshinsai) died in Meiji 13 at the age of 73. Takamatsu’s birth took place four years later.

According to this lineage, the ryū originated with a person named Ikai, separated from Hakuun Dōshi of Hakuun-ryū in the Yōwa era, became the Kōga and Iga-ryū of ninjutsu, passed through the lineage of Momochi Sandayū, entered the Natori-ryū of Kishū domain, and from Toda Nobutsuna onwards came to be passed down by the Toda clan. However, this genealogy refers to a variety of traditions and oral teachings, there are many points where it has added embellishments, it has made people whose real existence is based on written records older than is actually the case, and so it is a product of very considerable labor”.


Claims of legitimacy can certainly survive not being in the Bugei Ryuha Daijiten, but not comfortably.  These entries do answer a lot of questions pertaining to both Seiko and Takamatsu as well as shed some light on current ninjutsu historical lineage claims.